This apparatus is used to study the effects of both pipe surge and water hammer using two separate straight pipes with a constant head tank.
Pipe surge employs a clear acrylic surge shaft to demonstrate gradual velocity change, hence pressure rise and its oscillations by slow valve closing. Water hammer employs a quick closing valve and two pressure sensors-one next to the valve and another further away. Sudden rise in pressure on quick closing valve can be demonstrated on a computer (separately supplied). The equipment is to be used with Hydraulics Bench (separately supplied).
Instruction manual is also included.
- Pipe surge and oscillations in surge shaft.
- Friction loss between head tank and surge shaft.
- Pressure profiles for water hammer and comparison with theoretical values.
- Determination of the velocity of sound through a fluid in a pipe.
|Constant head tank||1 ea.|
|- Water surge||Stainless steel pipe and clear acrylic surge shaft with slow closing valve and a flow control valve|
|- Water hammer||Stainless steel pipe with quick closing valve.|
|Pressure measurement||2 sensors on water hammer pipe|
|Computer interface unit|
|Power supply||220 V, 1 Ph, 50 Hz. Other power supply is available on request.|